AlbaniA

Technical Assistance to the Direction of Veterinary Service

 

Date:

1999-2000

 

Client:

Ministry of Agriculture, Tirana

 

Financed by:

EU-Phare, Brussels

 

Description:

The project aims at institutional, professional and technical strengthening of the Albanian veterinary services. The overall project goal contributes to the agricultural sector and to the protection of human consumers of food of animal origin. The project purpose (objective) and its 6 project results (outputs) aim at strengthening of the governmental animal health services at ministerial and district levels. All project objectives are placed within the framework of the Strategy for Agriculture Development of Albania ("Green Strategy").The applied project approach consists of support interventions and measures carried out at several levels:  (i)  institution building at VD and DVS,  (i)  improvement of the working conditions of VD and DVO staff,  (iii)  transfer of technical and professional know how,  and  (iv)  provision of short-term expertise for specific problems. In the fields of institution building, the concerned governmental veterinary services are enabled to face the duties and responsibilities determined by the veterinary and food laws more rationally and more efficiently. In terms of improved working conditions, a variety of tools and equipment are provided, such as communication facilities (e.g. e-mail), office work facilities (e.g. computers and printers), transport equipment, and laboratory equipment (diagnostic facilities). For the transfer of know-how, three training methodologies are being applied: on the job training through close collaboration with the long-term and the short-term experts,  specific training through workshops or seminars (e.g. LogFrame workshop),  and the provision of study tours to Central and Northern Europe. In the fields of short-term expertise, specific prevailing animal health and veterinary public health constraints (e.g. veterinary epidemiology) will be addressed.

Albania

Feasibility Study for the Rehabilitation of Preza Farm (1500 ha)

 

Date:

1993

 

Client:

Ministry of Agriculture, Tirana

 

Financed by:

Italian Bilateral Co-operation

 

Description:

Within the framework of the Technical and Financial Feasibility Study for the restructuring of Preza Farm, carried out the study regarding the reorganisation of the existing livestock unit (dairy cattle and sheep) with regard to the physical structures (cowsheds, stores, etc.), stockraising techniques, genetic improvement and fodder cultivation.

BANGLADESH

Strengthening of Livestock Information System

 

Date:

1999-2002

 

Client:

Ministry of Fishery and Livestock, Dhaka

 

Financed by:

EU-ALA, Brussels

 

Description:

The immediate target group of the project is the veterinary services of Bangladesh. A major project objective is to establish a Livestock Health and Production Information Management system which will integrate routine disease recording with information from epidemiological surveys on the impact of disease on livestock production. The LHPIM will be established in the Livestock Production Monitoring Cell of the DLS, but will also involve close collaboration with the Epidemiology Unit of the BLRI. The capacity and capability of both of these units will be strengthened. Also within the DLS, a Mass Media Cell will be established to strengthen the capacity of the DLS to disseminate information on control of animal diseases with significant economic or public health significance. Both of these activities together will lead to improved animal and human health, particularly in rural areas, thus helping to alleviate poverty. Legislation relating to animal health, quarantine and movement controls will be reviewed and new legislation produced where required, which will also have a significant impact on animal and human health. Staff members from two veterinary colleges will receive training in epidemiology and public health which will lead to a sustainable improvement in national abilities in these subjects.

BULGARIA

Improvement of Regulatory Framework of the National Veterinary Service (NVS)

 

Date:

1995-96

 

Client:

Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industry, Sofia

 

Financed by:

EU-Phare, Brussels

 

Description:

The project aims were to improve the capability of the NVS to prepare modern veterinary legislation strengthened and propose a new regulatory framework of the National Veterinary Service (NVS).  The main development objectives were: (i) to improve the legal structure and make it adjustable to the future pattern of  livestock production and the needs of protection of animals and humans against serious pathogens and toxic substances established; (ii) review Bulgarian veterinary legislation and adapt it  to internationally agreed norms and standards in order to prepare the closer integration of Bulgaria with the EU in particular concerning criteria for diagnosis for infectious diseases, control of the presence of residues in food, and the implementation of internationally agreed principles for issuing veterinary health certificates in relation to movement of animals and food of animal origin. Activities performed: (a) review of the current regulatory framework of the NVS; (b) review of the veterinary legal structures and functions; (c) review of procedures of decision making in the veterinary control sectors; (d) review of procedures for issuing ordinances and statutes in accordance with the provisions of the veterinary basic law; (e) review of the transmission of communications and information between EU commission and the NVS; (f) organisation and implementation of  a two weeks study tour for four senior veterinary officers in Italy and Belgium; (g) organisation and implementation of short-term courses in Bulgaria in current veterinary legislation of the EU for NVS staff members.

Burkina Faso

Technical Assistance to the Pan African Rinderpest Campaign

 

Date:

1997-99

 

Client:

Ministry of Economy, Finance and Planning, Ouagadougou

 

Financed by:

EU-EDF, Brussels

 

Description:

The wider objective of the project is the improvement of animal production and the strengthening of veterinary system. The specific objective is to improve veterinary services through the establishment and promotion of private veterinary practices and the strengthening of both public and private veterinary activities. The TA will support the transition towards the privatisation of veterinary service in the Country. Implementation of the project components will require: (i) Legislative Support: enactment and application of Veterinary Legislation ruling the whole sector. Special emphasis is devoted to legal aspects concerning Veterinary pharmacies and drugs, sanitary mandates, norms ruling the concurrence; (ii) Establishment of Credit Lines:  Advice and technical support to the establishment of a credit line for veterinarians, in order to encourage young vets and state veterinarians to start their own private practice; (iii) Re-distribution of Clinical Activities: Promote an equilibrate distribution of clinical activities between private and state services; (iv) Establishment of a Support Office (CTA - Cellule Technique d’Appui) which will be in charge of all linking and advice activities aimed to support private veterinarians. CTA is monitored by a Privatisation Office (CPP - Comité de Pilotage de la Privatisation); (v) Manpower Development and Training: Manpower development covering the right types of qualifications, i.e. academic, laboratory and clinical will be a parallel component of the Project; (vi) Information and Communications: Establish links - through the project - between veterinarians and other professionals/organisations working in animal health and husbandry. Interact with other official bodies to provide a clear and continuously updated picture of animal health situation in the country. Issue a bulletin aimed to spread news regarding the veterinary sector; (vii) Access to Veterinary Drugs: Assist the Government in controlling and ruling drug importation and trading.

Burkina Faso

Improvement of Cattle Raising Techniques in Comoé Region

 

Date:

1978-80

 

Client:

Ministry of Rural Development, Ouagadougou

 

Financed by:

EU-EDF, Brussels

 

Description:       

Extension of the project "Improvement of conventional cattle raising techniques in the Comoé Region" (1975-78). The project involved the preparation of an appraisal report on the results obtained, and the supply of recommendations for the extension of said techniques to the south-western part of the country, and thus reach the following objectives: (i) to increase the supply of cattle within the region, in order to provide farmers with draught animals; (ii) to increase the breeders' cash revenue, by increasing animal production and implementing marketing; (iii) to increase farmers' cash revenues, by developing animal-draught agriculture and feeding techniques. Project recommendations concerned: (a) extension of health control to about 80,000 cattle heads; (b) development of agriculture through the utilisation of draught animals in some 2,000 new farms covering 12-14,000 hectares of cultivable areas; (c) adoption of a genetic selection to improve the trypanotolerance in local cattle; (d) creation of a pastoral area covering about 100,000 ha, with the aim of reducing migration of cattle herds and to constitute a natural reserve; (e) setting up an extension service to assist local breeders; (f) setting up a cattle market.

Burkina Faso

Improvement of Conventional Cattle-raising Techniques in the Comoé Region

 

Date:

1975-78

 

Client:

Regional Development Authority, Ouagadougou

 

Financed by:

EU-EDF, Brussels

 

Description:       

The project aimed at the improvement of cattle raising conventional techniques. Technical assistance was provided for the carrying out of development and improvement programmes, namely: (i) promoting development of cattle fattening by small farmers, and utilisation of draught oxen for agricultural practices; (ii) preparing proposals for the utilisation of agricultural products/by products for cattle fattening purposes, under existing and future conditions; (iii) submitting recommendations to improve cattle feeding rations; (iv) definition of feeding formulas for cattle fattening at small farmers' level and determination of cost per fodder unit; (v) setting up of a conceptual plan for equipping a livestock, rest centre aimed at supply animals to finishing shops (in collaboration with HAER and the Directorate of Livestock); (vi) co-ordinating with ONERA (Office National de l'Exploitation des Ressources Animales) a cattle marketing policy; (vii) control of cattle health: definition of vaccination campaigns; supply of zooprophylactic products; organisation of vaccination mobile teams; (viii) selection of cows belonging to local breeds and introduction of N'Dama pure breed male parents; (ix) observing the behaviour of zebu herds throughout the region; (x) training of local staff.

Central America

Programme for the Development of Central American Beef Exports to   Europe ¬

 

Date:

1974-75

 

Client:

Banco Centroamericano de Integración Economica

 

Financed by:

Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs-DGAE, Rome

 

Description:

A study wad undertaken on prospects for improving beef exports to Europe from the five countries of Central American Common Market. This involved: (i) an evaluation of regional resources, i.e. cattle, land and pastures, with a view to developing livestock and meat production; (ii) the zoning of the Central American region into homogenous areas on the basis of existing and potential productive patterns and the potential for and constraints to resource development; (iii) an analysis of structural constraints to the development of cattle production related to questions of land tenure, infrastructure and services (technical and veterinary assistance, credit, experimentation, etc.); (iv) an analysis of world beef markets; evaluation of procedures and problems relating to the export of Central American beef to European markets. These studies were followed up by the preparation of a medium- and long-term integrated livestock development strategy as well as an investment programme covering selected areas, for implementation by BCIE. The "demonstration areas" were selected for the dual purpose of acting as poles of development and pilot areas for the application of experience gained in similar but larger Central American areas.

Colombia

Swine Development Study in Narińo District ­

 

Date:

1992

 

Client:

Departamento Nacional de Planeacion, Bogota

 

Financed by:

Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs-DGAE, Rome

 

Description:

The scopes of the programme were: (i) the widespread transfer of most advanced stock-raising techniques; (ii) the improvement of rural family groups' sanitary conditions; (iii) maximum utilisation of agricultural by-products and traditional animal nutrition products; (iv) introduction of rural families in the market system; and, (v) improvement of their income; (vi) increase of the qualitative standard of fresh and conserved pork meat; (vii) improvement of sanitary measures of meat processing and conservation processes. Main activities of the programme: (a) technical and  economic feasibility study; (b) programme implementation through the construction of physical infrastructures related to  a zootechnical centre for the production of piglets; an animal feed production/ storage centre; a centre for meat butchery, processing and conservation; supply and installation of the centres of technological equipment; (c) technical assistance to breeders; demonstration activities; start up  of centres, (d) training of personnel, transfer of technological know-out.

Croatia

Study for the Completion of the Buzet Genetic Centre for Sheep and Goat Breeding

 

Date:

1993

 

Client:

Istra Genetic Centar, Buzet

 

Financed by:

Italian Bilateral Co-operation

 

Description:

Technical-economic pre-investment study, subdivided as follows: (i) programme of measures relating to the start-up and organisation of activities in full operation of the Genetic Centre; (ii) assessment of the potential impact of the Centre on the development of sheep and goat breeding in the country; (iii) technical-economic-financial pre-feasibility study of the investment proposal to be implemented. To conduct the study, fact-finding surveys were carried out of technical-economic and environmental aspects, of human and financial resources, of administrative procedures in the country and of the institutional aspects of importance for investment purposes. Working proposals were formulated for the completion of the civil works, for the introduction of animals into the Centre (approximately 500 head), for management services and for staff training. A Preliminary Operational Plan was drawn up for the implementation of the project.

Ethiopia

Feasibility Study for a Poultry (Broiler) Farm¬

 

Date:

1973-74

 

Client:

MAESCO, Addis Ababa

 

Financed by:

World Bank, Washington DC

 

Description:

The project aimed at the establishment of a commercial poultry (broiler) farm, and the necessary plant and equipment for the processing, marketing and export of chicken meat. The study accordingly consisted of: (i) an assessment of domestic and international markets for poultry meat; (ii) a review of the domestic market for concentrated feed for poultry; (iii) an assessment of costs related to construction works in Ethiopia and to transportation. The project components included: (a) incubator (capacity 40,000 day-old chicks/week); (b) poultry houses (total capacity 2 million broilers/year); (c) feed processing plant (capacity 6,000 tons of foodstuffs/year); (d) slaughterhouse (capacity 1,000 birds/hour); (e) general poultry farm services and infrastructures, meat transportation, equipment, etc.; (f) definition of cropping patterns and selection of equipment for the production of corn over an area of 500 ha within the MAESCO farm. The study was followed up by a comprehensive financial/economic analysis of each of the investment components and for the project as a whole, as well as by engineering designs and siting proposals for the works and structures.


Ethiopia

Feasibility Study for a Commercial Feedlot in Melka Sadi, Middle Awash Valley¬

 

Date:

1973-74

 

Client:

MAESCO, Addis Ababa

 

Financed by:

World Bank, Washington DC

 

Description:

The project aimed at the establishment of a commercial feedlot for fattening and improving cattle breeds available on the Ethiopian market, and necessary plant and equipment for the processing, marketing and export of cattle, beef and by-products. The following surveys were accordingly undertaken: (i) forage and grain crops produced on the MAESCO farm (on 5,000 ha of irrigated land); (ii) domestic market for concentrated feeds used for animal nutrition; (iii) domestic and international markets for live cattle and beef; (iv) domestic market for feeder calves; (v) domestic and international transportation facilities for live cattle and beef. The investment components of the project were as follows: (a) a cattle fattening centre (capacity 30,000 head/year), including a quarantine station, irrigated pastures for the feeding of young cattle (capacity 9,000 head/year) and finishing pens; (b) a slaughterhouse and beef by-products processing plants (capacity 100 head/day); (c) infrastructures and services, such as feed storage warehouses, preparation and distribution equipment, water-supply system, roads, etc.; (d) cropping patterns and equipment for the production of forage crops and foodstuffs on an area of 2,000 ha within the MAESCO farm. Engineering designs and siting proposals were prepared for the works and structures. Comprehensive financial/economic analyses were provided for each of the investment components and for the project as a whole.  During project preparation, fattening trials were carried out on 400 Boran cattle distributed into lots, with a fattening cycle of four months. Subsequently, collaboration for one year in the implementation and management of a first group of feedlots (capacity 2,500 feeder calves).

Ethiopia

Southern Rangelands Livestock Development Projects¬

 

Date:

1972-74

 

Client:

Livestock and Meat Board, Addis Ababa

 

Financed by:

World Bank, Washington DC

 

Description:

The aim of the project was to prepare a development strategy for the entire southern region (180,000 sq.km) and to undertake a feasibility study for an investment project for implementation in selected areas of the region. Comprehensive surveys were made of the region's resources and characteristics, i.e. water, climate, vegetation, livestock, infrastructure, economic activities and population. The development strategy comprised recommendations for the introduction, at pastoral level, of improved water exploitation systems, herd and pasture management, disease control, etc., and proposals for an integrated livestock production, upgrading and marketing programme. The investment components and services outlined in the project were as follows: (i) disease-free zone covering 312,000 sq.km; (ii) commercial breeding ranch and feedlot, both with a capacity of 45,000 head/year; (iii) meat processing plant, cold storage facilities, transportation; (iv) cooperative pilot ranch; (v) experimental station,  extension service; (vi) regional veterinary service; (vii) supporting rural infrastructures, such as waterpoints, roads, etc. Engineering design and siting were prepared, complete with a comprehensive economic/financial analysis for each of the components and for the project as a whole. The social feasibility of introducing improved management systems was also determined.

Ghana

Implementation of a Cattle-Rearing Ranch at Aveyime

 

Date:

1980

 

Client:

VRDC, Accra

 

Financed by:

Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs-DGAE, Rome

 

Description:

The project aimed at establishing a 10,000 head beef-cattle ranch  at Aveyime. The ranch was to be implemented for the supply of meat  to Accra's market. The technical and economic study - carried out by ZOOCONSULT - involved a series of surveys, and research in the field of: (i) Agro-pasture: also to establish range management regulations; (ii) Hydrology: to make an inventory of soil and ground water resources in order to work out a programme for the development of irrigated grass crops and to organise a network of water points; (iii) Livestock husbandry: for examining parameters such as herd's dimensions and structures for singling out the technical improvements required for raising herd's productivity; (iv) Socio-economy: for determining both pasture and herd's improved management systems and, also, for the proper management of each production unit; (v) Marketing: appraisal of local resources in beef cattle, in productions and by-products for cattle feeding, as well as in commercial outlets for the sale of beef cattle produced in the ranch. The project included also the establishment of an action programme for the development of the ranch, that considered: (a) preliminary design of physical infrastructures (building of an operational centre, herd enclosures, firebreaks, roads, water reservoirs); (b) farm machinery and production means requirements; (c) investment and construction costs.

Guinea Bissau

Development of Cacheu Small-Scale Fishery

 

Date:

1980-81

 

Client:

Ministry of Plan & Economic Co-ordination, Bissau

 

Financed by:

EU-EDF, Brussels

 

Description:

The project included the implementation of a properly equipped Centre (installation of cold chambers, ice-silos, etc. for fish preservation) for  fish  wholesale market, as well as the creation of one hundred of new small fishing enterprises and the supply of necessary equipment (boats, sea-engines, fishing nets). A technical and economic study was carried out by ZOOCONSULT in order to: (i) assess the investments required in Cacheu region for improving the productivity, and increase the amount of fish for national consumption; (ii) improve fishing equipment; (iii) determine requisites for the improvement of fish preservation, storage and marketing; (iv) estimate the project financial and economic results.

 

 

RepUBLIC of Guinea

Programme of Improvement of N'Dama Race

 

Date:

1991-95

 

Client:

Ministry of Agriculture, Conakry

 

Financed by:

DGAE-Italian Cooperation, Rome

 

Description:

Scope of the project is the management, enlargement and reinforcement of Boké zootechnical centre. Said centre, already activated by PNUD, FAO and the Government of Guinea, is located at 25 km north-east of Boké; it extends over 4,000 ha, is equipped with physical structures, and is run by fairly well prepared local staff. So far, the centre had developed its activity in the improvement of N'Dama race and in applied research in range management and feed crops. The main objective of the programme is the amelioration of N’Dama race, in view of increasing meat production and animal traction activity while maintaining and reinforcing its resistance to trypanosome, as follows:  (i) strengthening of Boké centre to enable it to utilise its forage resource and become financially independent through the sale of its stocks; (ii) definition of more suitable methods of utilisation and valorisation of pastures; (iii) enlargement of the activities to another hundred private livestock owners in the area of Boké, particularly willing to collaborate to the activities of selection to be developed according to the "open nucleus" method; (iv) activity of extension among stock owners and farmers' associations on innovative systems in herd and range management; (v) improvement of animal health conditions through an intensive technical and veterinary assistance activity.

Iraq

Livestock Sector Review and Projects Identification¬

 

Date:

1974

 

Client:

Ministry of Planning, Baghdad

 

Financed by:

AGIP/SHELL/CFP/VEBA Chemie Ass.

 

Description:

The review comprised a comprehensive analysis of the national livestock sector, i.e. production, processing, marketing and consumption, as well as of he potential for animal feed production. In the light of the review, a long-term livestock development strategy was elaborated and several projects and interventions identified for early implementation. The strategy was geared to improving supplies of animal feed in both rainfed and irrigated areas and in the rangelands; to setting-up an organisation for animal breeding; to restructuring of state farms; and to the creation of livestock-fattening units. Recommendations were submitted for extension, staff training and research services with a view to improving herd management and developing market infrastructures.

Italy

Pig Rearing and Selection Centre in Massa Martana, Perugia

 

Date:

1977

 

Client:

Centerpig Srl, Todi (Perugia)

 

Description:

Implementation of a pig centre for the breeding of 500 sows, and the fattening  of slaughter  pigs. The Center's physical structures, established over a total area of 7,000 sq.m, were: (i) five (5) hangars: two for the fattening and housing of the sows, one for the selection and fast growing of hybrid baby-sows, two for the fattening and fast growing of slaughter pigs; (ii) annexed physical structures such as: growing-test room, artificial insemination laboratory, animal health centre, liquid manure pit. ZOOCONSULT carried out the preliminary design, the feasibility, and the final design of the centre, as well as the supervision of the works.

Italy

Study for the Restructuring of Some Intensive Livestock Breeding Areas (Umbria Region)

 

Date:

1982

 

Client:

Comunitŕ Montane dell’Alto Tevere

 

Description:

The study concerned the restructuring of some intensive livestock breeding (cattle, sheep and goats) in the high hills North of Umbria region, by equipping the tracks with a network of water points and by zoning the areas to be protected from grazing pasture.

Italy

Animal Husbandry Development Project “Ascagnano” (Umbria Region)

 

Date:

1983

 

Client:

Umbria Region Development Office

 

Description:

Feasibility study on a semi-intensive animal husbandry concern bucket feeding in low season; agricultural by-products.

Italy

Forest Equipping and Reorganisation of Sylvo-Pastoral Zones Open to Degradation

 

Date:

1983

 

Client:

Comunitŕ Montane dell’Alto Tevere

Italy

Supply of Agricultural and Industrial By-Products for Animal Feed in Ten Regions of Southern Italy¬

 

Date:

1976

 

Client:

CASMEZ, Rome

 

Financed by:

CASMEZ, Rome

 

Description:

Surveys of 1,000 industrial and agricultural enterprises to assess the nutritional value of available by-products and the criteria adopted for their use with regard to quality, conservation, concentration of supply, transportation, etc.

Italy

Study on the Supply of Feeder Calves in Ten Regions of Southern Italy*

 

Date:

1976

 

Client:

CASMEZ, Rome

 

Financed by:

CASMEZ, Rome

 

Description:

Sample survey of 600 farms for the purpose of estimating present and potential cattle herds, together with an analysis of cattle husbandry techniques and marketing channels for feeder calves. The study mainly covered the area in which  milch cows were concentrated. The study was followed up by recommendations on measures to increase the supply of feeder calves.

Italy

Technical Feasibility Study for the Reorganisation of a Water Buffalo Farm in the Province of Caserta

 

Date:

1973

 

Client:

CASMEZ, Rome

 

Financed by:

CASMEZ, Rome

 

Description:

This assignment concerned the reorganisation of the existing dairy farm (with 700 milch buffaloes) and the creation of a feedlot for approximately 1,000 feeder buffaloes per year.

Italy

Organisation and Management of Several Mixed Farms Specialised in Animal Husbandry

 

Date:

1973

 

Description:

a)  Montevibiano agro-zootechnical farm (980 ha), Perugia. Farm reorganisation: sprinkler irrigation project; network extending over a 150 ha area for maize silo. Final design of a 250 head cowshed and a feedlot for intensive feeding of 1000 cattle head. Technical and administrative management of the farm.

b)   Bonsciano agro-zootechnical farm (550 h), Cittŕ di Castello, Perugia. Farm rehabilitation: project for the setting-up of an irrigation network serving 180 ha (50% sprinkler, 50% dripping system). Final design of a 700 head meat cattle feedlot. Technical and administrative management of the farm.

c)   "Cascina Corbetta" and "Cascina Garavaglia" agricultural farms (total area: 270 ha), Milano. Reorganisation of farm production; final design of a sprinkler irrigation network for 90 ha (silomaize production). Final design of a 400 head milch cow stable. Technical and administrative management of the farms.

d)   Centre for the agrarian management and bookkeeping (Umbria region). Setting-up and management of the Centre on behalf of the Agency for the agrarian development  This Centre works as service cooperative and carries out the administration and bookkeeping of farms with more than 800 associated members.

 

Madagascar

 

 

 

 

 

Madagascar

 

 

Formulation of the Second Phase of the Breeding Development Project in the South-East (Project DELSO)

Date:                     1999

Client:                    EU-FED

Description:

First aim of the mission was to establish a qualitative and quantitative review on the interventions    and results obtained with « DELSO » project. Among the technical and socio-professional subjects : veterinary epidemiology, distribution of breeding inputs, professional training of breeders. Once conclusions drawn, the mission proceeded to the identification and formulation of the second phase of the project : « DELSO 2 ».

 

Assessment of the EC Contribution to the Development of Meet Sector (production & processing)

 

Date:

1997

 

Client:

EU-FED

 

Description:

Evaluation of the contribution of the EC co-operation for the development of the meat/livestock sector in the Country. Three projects were to be evaluated: National Slaughterhouses, DELSO - Livestock Development in South West Region  and Local Slaughterhouses. Services provided: (i) survey of the meat/livestock sector beyond both the natural, social, economical and political points of view; (ii) survey of the EC co-operation contribution regarding the three specific projects; (iii) audit of financial procedures applied in the projects; (iv) assessment of achievements of the livestock projects and evaluation of possible further interventions; (v) assessment of needs regarding the establishment of a livestock credit scheme; (vi) identification of constraints and bottlenecks for the development of  livestock breeding and slaughterhouses efficiency; (vi) assessing guidelines chosen and due to be considered for improving: animal health, research and development in animal production, extension activities, breeders' associations, input/products trade, management of natural resources, rural credit, infrastructures and sanitary legislation.

Madagascar

Integrated Project for the Meat Production and Marketing

 

Date:

1972

 

Client:

O.VO.MA, Tananarive

 

Description:

Scope of the project was the development of livestock in the areas of Anjiajia and Ampitilova in order to guarantee a regular supply of cattle to Majunga slaughterhouse: (i) establishment of intensive feedlots for a total yearly production of 36,000 cattle head (live weight 300 kg/head); (ii) organisation of treatment/distribution of beef meat and cattle by-products for local and export markets (for these purposes additional studies were made on standards and requirements of European market). A strategy for the gradual increase of meat production was adopted, parallel to a gradual intensive cultivation of maize on a 400 ha cleared are (maize to be employed with sorghum for cattle feeding).  Mechanised techniques were employed for the harvesting and stockage maize. The technologies adopted for the development of livestock and crop productions were transferred to local breeders and farmers through formal and on-the-job training programmes. A number of technical and economic studies were involved in the preparation of this project also in order to establish the global investment required in as much details as possible.

Mali

Agro-Sylvo-Pastoral Development in Haoussa Region¬

 

Date:

1986-90

 

Client:

Ministry of Natural Resources-Environment, Bamako

 

Financed by:

DGAE-Italian Cooperation, Rome

 

Description:

The project covered the first realisations of the Mali North-East agro-sylvo-pastoral development. Services will be provided in relation to final design, implementation of works, as well as management of agricultural, forestry and livestock programmes, directed to: (i) fighting the desertification process; (ii) supporting local populations in order to encourage new settlements; (iii) increasing breeders' revenues by a rational exploitation of natural resources and the improvement of animal production. The programmes involved the following works: (a) construction of veterinary centres equipped with office supplies and with laboratories and materials for diagnostic analyses, as well as with refrigeration material (fixed and mobile) for vaccines conservation; (b) construction of vaccination stations (with annexed storehouse for veterinary material) along the main cattle transhumance tracks in proximity of the Country's borders;  (c) supply of zoo-drugs and first-aid zootechnical products, as well as of anti-endemic disease vaccines; (d) supply of 4WD vehicles (mobile units) equipped with refrigeration material and with zootechnical and veterinarian instruments; (e) fifty equipped wells and relevant maintenance units; (f) construction of a central nursery and five peripheral nurseries for the stockage of plants before final planting; (g) establishment of agro-sylvo-pastoral plots (25-30 ha each)  for a total 1,000 ha on terrace-cultivations for erosion control and soil conservation purposes; (h) afforestation for wind protection purposes of 15 ha in the vicinity of six villages, for a total of 90 ha; (i) construction of an operation/coordination centre. Training of national staff in agro-sylvo-pastoralism, maintenance of wells and sensibilisation of populations to the zootechnical and veterinarian actions with particular stress  on vaccination campaigns; action of rural mobilisation by local sociologists associated to the project.

Mali

Livestock Development in North-East Region

 

Date:

1984-85

 

Client:

Ministry of Natural Resources-Environment, Bamako

 

Financed by:

EU-EDF,  Brussels

 

Description:

The project, located  in the Sahelian regions of  Gourma and Haoussa, aimed in particular at developing livestock breeding in order to secure and increase breeders' revenues; increase productivity of the herd; meet national requirements in animal production; increase export; involve breeders in the development process. Sectorial studies and surveys performed: (i) Water  supply for livestock: inventory of analysis of available water resources. Hydrogeology of water bearing strata; proposals for new water source uses in relation to pastures' utilisation; drawing up of a hydro-geological map of the areas; (ii) Pasture: herd management; investigation  of farm and wooded-pasturage land exploitation methods; classes of pasturelands and their development; assessment of stocks' capacity; legislation on pasture and local land tenure system; advice for land improvement/exploitation; (iii) Animal health: investigation on epidemic disease; appraisal of main prophylactic measures used in project area (vaccination, antiparasite treatments); data collection on local veterinary services (infrastructures, equipment, and staff); proposals and plans for the improvement of animal health; (iv) Sociology: studies on local population's traditional organisation; ethnic structures; frequency and nature of inter-ethnic exchanges and relations; impact of the cooperative system in the project area and suggestion for their improvement; determination of local populations' primary needs (health conditions, education, etc.). ZOOCONSULT prepared an investment project (inclusive of a feasibility analysis) that the Government of Mali submitted to international organisations for funding.

Mali

Implementation of a N'Dama Breed Birthplace in Yanfolila Area, Phase II

 

Date:

1978-81

 

Client:

Ministry of Animal Production, Bamako

 

Financed by:

EU-EDF, Brussels

 

Description:

Technical assistance programme for the implementation of a breeding centre of N'Dama cattle in Yanfolila area. The prolongation of the project for the creation of a N'Dama birthplace into a second phase aimed at implementing veterinary and zootechnical actions for the betterment of Yanfolila livestock centre, namely: (i) prophylaxis of contagious and parasitic diseases; (ii) general health treatments and breeds' care; (iii) laboratory analyses and research of diseases of unknown aetiology; (iv) establishment of individual records in view of cattle genetic selection; (v) range management and tracks' regulations; (vi) improvement of pastures; (vii) diversified actions for beef cattle and dairy cattle productions.

Mali

Implementation of a N'Dama Breed Birthplace in Yanfolila Area, Phase I

 

Date:

1974-77

 

Client:

Ministry of Animal Production, Bamako

 

Financed by:

EU-EDF, Brussels

 

Description:

The project aimed at the setting up of a cattle breeding ranch of cattle tolerant to trypanosomiasis (4,000 N'Dama breeds / 16,000 ha) as well as at the training of local extensionists. Technical assistance was supplied for the implementation of the breeding centre for the genetic selection of trypanotolerant breeds. In detail, technical assistance was involved in: (i) installation of fences and firebreaks, opening of feeder tracks, construction of water points; (ii) shrub clearing and improvement of rangelands; (iii) construction of physical infrastructures such as living quarters for workers, shelters for herdsmen, night pens for cattle; (iv) digging of trench silos; (v) supervision of works for the construction of infrastructures for the Yanfolila livestock centre; (vi) supervision of operations during start-up phase.

Mali

Setting up of a Livestock Centre in Niono Area

 

Date:

1972

 

Client:

Ministry of Livestock Production, Bamako

 

Financed by:

EU-EDF, Brussels

 

Description:

The aim of this project was the regular yearly production of about 8,000 cattle head to guarantee a regular supply of the market also during the dry season. The feasibility study was based on data gathered from a purposely organised enclosed pilot farm (100 cattle head); on a market research, and on an in-depth research on local availability of cotton and rice by-products to be processed for animal feeding purposes. A semi-detailed design was then prepared for investment purposes. The final project was elaborated as follows: (i) a long-term (one year) extensive pasture ranch, on 11,000 ha, subdivided into five sectors furnished with water points and feeding points for supplementing long-ley pasture during the dry season; (ii) a short-term (four months) intensive pasture, in enclosed grazing units, of the feed-lot established by the project near the Sahel Livestock and Animal Husbandry Research Centre, at Niono. The design took into account the rehabilitation of the existing structures which, however, were to be largely supplemented with roads, water supply and electrical networks as well as by structures for the correct running of the Centre (health units, a number of hangars for the stockage of cotton grains and various types of ban; a plant for the mixing of formulas; an anti-parasite dipping basin and a vaccination corridor; a quarantine pasture unit; a loading ramp; warehouses; workshops, etc. The entire complex was established over an equipped area of 307,200 sq.m on which the various structures were placed in accordance with their function within the project.

Nigeria

Fishery Development

 

Date:

1977

 

Client:

Dagazau Intemational Limited, Lagos

 

Description:

The study, carried out in Kano River Basin, near Toga dam, included a survey on the potentials of intensive breeding of Tialapia and Common carpa in several artificial basins (1-2 ha each) to be emptied periodically. In these basins were thrown seeds and fertilisers (oil mill wastes) for artificial feeding. Near the said basin, a dead arm of Kano river was to be enclosed for extensive breeding of the some fish which were left to natural reproduction and feeding.

Papua NEW Guinea

Feasibility Study on the Establishment of a Commercial Feed Mill

 

Date:

1988-89

 

Client:

Dept of Agriculture and Livestock, Port Moresby

 

Financed by:

EU-EDF, Brussels

 

Description:

The study aimed at establishing the technical feasibility and the commercial viability of the construction of a feed mill at Port Moresby (Central Region). The factors taken into consideration were: (i) ration formulation: an analysis was made of locally produced ingredients and of production increase within seven years from the construction of the feed mill; (ii) factory location: a site was selected among the three proposed by PNG Government, considering productive, labourskill, transport infrastructures factors; (iii) economic contributions of the feed mill  to the general economy:  import substitution and forex savings, agricultural development, direct and indirect agribusiness, agricultural and transport employment, local rates and local purchase of goods and services, increased corporation and personal tax returns; (iv) financial implications:  impact of project as regards: turnover and profitability, break-even volumes, cash flow; (v) corporate structure:  revue of PNG policy as regards: licensing and protectionism, operation policy, equity structure. A preliminary design of the feed mill was annexed to the feasibility study.

ROMANIA

T.A. for Privatisation of Animal Reproduction, Selection and Sanitary-Veterinary Services

 

Date:

1995-96

 

Client:

Ministry of Agriculture & Food, Bucharest

 

Financed by:

EU-Phare, Brussels

 

Description:

The main objectives of this project are to formulate a strategy for the privatisation of veterinary, animal reproduction and selection services, and give start to  pilot interventions. Components: (i) field survey; (ii) study of European and National legislations; (iii) comparative study of the organisation of veterinary services in the Western and Eastern European countries; (iv) proposal of legislative interventions; (v) analysis of institutional aspects; (vi) analysis of economic and financial aspects; (vii) market studies; (viii) technical analysis of the veterinary services sector; (ix) technical analysis of the animal reproduction and selection sector; (x) training.

Rwanda

Technical Assistance to the Livestock and Agricultural Development Programme ¬

 

Date:

1974-79

 

Client:

Ministry of Agriculture, Kigali

 

Financed by:

IDA, Washington DC

 

Description:

The services of six experts were provided for five years to the "Office pour la Valorisation Agro-pastorale de Mutara" (OVAPAM). This involved the provision of technical assistance for the permanent settlement of 4,300 farming families and the establishment of 240,000 head of cattle on some 80 collective ranches, on the basis of an improved system of exploiting the country's natural resources. A preliminary mission was fielded to the project area to determine the distribution of water points and the location of ranches within the project area according to range-carrying capacity. The development programme comprised the following: (i) the establishment of 4,300 agricultural farms; (ii) the delineation of 80 collective ranches for 24,000 head of cattle; (iii) the construction of a village at Niagatare; (iv) the opening of feeder roads in the farming area; (v) the creation of water points and the drinking water divining from natural sources; (vi) the organisation and marketing of agricultural and animal produce; (vii) the establishment of a quarantine station for cattle destined for sale at markets.

Rwanda

Feasibility Study for a Land Reclamation and Settlement Project in the Agro-Pastoral Area North of the Gisaka-Migongo Region¬

 

Date:

1976-77

 

Client:

Ministry of Agriculture, Kigali

 

Financed by:

Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs-DGAE, Rome

 

Description:

The study was divided into four phases: (I) Evaluation of physical resources: (i) reconnaissance soil mapping on 1:20.000 scale of the entire area under study (35.000 ha); (ii) semi-detailed soil survey on 1:10.000 scale over 4,000 ha of irrigable land; (iii) land use survey; (iv) hydrological survey; (v) preparation of a topographical map of the study area on 1:20,000 scale and another on 1:10,000 scale for the irrigable area, by means of existing aerial photographs. (II) Evaluation of development potentials and constraints in the following sectors: (i) agriculture and livestock; (ii) forestry; (iii) fisheries; (iv) bee-keeping. (III) Investment project: (i) reclamation of 8,000 ha infested by tsetse fly; (ii) engineering design for the irrigation network; (iii) design of main infrastructures (main and feeder roads; (iv) detailed programme for the development of livestock, forestry, fisheries and bee-keeping; (v) programme for the development of cooperatives and the organisation of credit and marketing. (IV) Economic and financial analysis: (i) assessment of individual agricultural families' financial needs and of project components; (ii) economic and financial analysis of each proposed intervention and of the project as a whole.

Somalia

Feasibility Study for the Setting-up of an Agro-Industrial Complex, Initially Consisting of an Animal Feed Production Plant¬

 

Date:

1977

 

Client:

Ministry of Livestock, Mogadishu

 

Financed by:

UNIDO, Vienna

 

Description:

The feasibility study for an animal feed production plant was made on the basis of both the present supply of agricultural and agro-industrial raw materials vis-ŕ-vis the demand for foodstuffs, and agricultural/livestock development trends that will be determined by the large irrigation schemes underway mainly in the Shebeli and Juba Valleys. The study comprised: (i) a market study of present and potential supply of agricultural and agro-industrial raw materials; present and potential demand of mixed/compounded animal feeds; (ii) a study for the identification of the most suitable plant siting and the possible alternative sites; (iii) the preliminary design of an animal feed production plant; (iv) the economic and financial feasibility analysis of said plant; (v) the study of possible types of plant organisation and relationships with the domestic market during the first phase and in view of the establishment of an agro-industrial complex in the second phase; (vi) the identification and priority of further actions to be taken by the Government of the Somali Democratic Republic, in cooperation with UNIDO, for the setting up of an animal feed production plant.

Togo

Implementation of Adélé Cattle Ranch

 

Date:

1981-87

 

Client:

Ministry of Rural Development, DG Livestock, Lomé

 

Financed by:

EU-EDF, Brussels

 

Description:

The project implemented the setting up of a ranch of 4,000 heads of trypanotolerant cattle breeds (Baulé and N'Dama) on an area of 18,000 ha in the North-Eastern region of the Country. Technical assistance was uncharged with: (i) the setting up of a lay-out adjustment scheme suitable for a rational and economical management of the herd; (ii) the establishment of annual budgets for ranch running costs and revenues (selling of products); (iii) the establishment of herd management systems; (iv) the implementation of exploitation infrastructures (tracks, clearings, dipping tanks, firebreaks, pools, etc.); (v) setting up of pastureland lots to progressively cover the whole surface of the ranch; subdivision of each lot into four rotation pasture parcels; (vi) sanitary controls of cattle, and veterinary treatments (analyses, vaccination, etc.); (vii) training in animal husbandry.

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